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The Science Behind The Perfect Golf Swing

In the game of golf, so many factors are outside of your control, yet you can still control the outcome of the game. Whether it’s a tough course, the weather is not ideal, or you are not playing with your regular clubs; one thing remains that you can control and could lead to a win. Your golf swing is the ultimate difference between winning and losing, and should not be taken lightly.

Sports experts and scientists alike have studied every facet of the golf swing and have deciphered all of the critical points in a swing and where you should really focus your efforts.

Golf Swing Points of Interest

The main points of a golf swing where notable action takes place are: backswing, initial downswing, mid downswing, late downswing, impact, and follow through. Improvements can be made to all of these points which will lead to a more powerful and effective golf swing. It is important to study your own golf swing to learn where you are lacking and what is working for you.

S-factor, O-factor, X-factor


It one particular study, scientists compared the swings of several amateur golfers and several professional golfers. These physical signs, called biomechanical elements, differed greatly between the two groups of golfers, but not that much between the professional golfers.

What these researchers refer to as the S-factor and O-factor (shoulder and hip tilt, respectively) play a crucial roll in the efficacy of your golf swing. Another point mentioned is the X-factor, which is the rotational difference between your hips and shoulders. Research shows that those with an X-factor around 50-60 degrees did so regularly and reached faster and more consistent ball speed.

Golf Comfortably

More and more studies are coming out restating the importance of comfortability over flexibility in golf stance and swing. Rather than twisting around as far as possible on your back-swing, for instance, you will likely hit with more power if you only turn as far as feels natural to you.

Acceleration & Force

In golf, acceleration is key in hitting your ball far and in the desired direction. Your club must be reaching its highest speed when it hits the golf ball so that all of that speed is transferred to the ball, rather than the ball and club slowing one another down.

To improve and maintain a healthy amount of force, start your back-swing only 3/4 of the way back and see how much your swing improves. Additionally, keeping your arm straight will result in all of your effort and force traveling directly where you want it to go (through the club and to the ball).

Golf balls have come a long way the past few centuries in terms of design and efficiency. With modern materials and effective design, golf balls are one of the must crucial aspects of your golf game. In studying aerodynamics, scientists and researchers are continuing the search for the perfect golf ball. Although golf balls have come a long way, we have a way to go before we can expect to be hitting the perfect one.

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Katie Morris is a freelance writer with several years of experience writing in the science, sports and recreation fields.